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Education The National Academies Press

Details: Building Educational Equity Indicator Systems: A Guidebook for States and School Districts (2020) Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in

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4 Features of Education and Education Research

Details: Education is a complex human endeavor ultimately aimed at enhancing students’ cognitive, civic, and social learning and development. Like medicine, law, or farming, education is a craft—a practical profession requiring specialized skill.

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5 Indicators of Disparities in Access to Educational

Details: Education is sometimes characterized as the “great equalizer,” but to date, the country has not found ways to successfully address the adverse effects of socioeconomic circumstances, prejudice, and discrimination that suppress performance for some groups.

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1 Introduction Scientific Research in Education The

Details: Education interventions have costs—in money, time, and effort: making a judgment on the effectiveness of a treatment is complex and requires taking account of myriad factors. In short, education research will inevitably reflect and have to face many different values, and …

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3 Education Schools and Health: Our Nation's Investment

Details: The physical education instructional program is an integral part of a comprehensive school health program, because it teaches the knowledge and skills that lead to a physically active life-style and reinforces positive health behaviors (McGinnis et al., 1991).

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7 Implications for Learning in School How People Learn

Details: Assessments in K-12 education are directed to a range of audiences. Students need information about whether they are learning intended subject matter and skills. Teachers want to know whether their pedagogical approaches are helping individual students learn and helping their classes progress.

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6 RECOMMENDATIONS Educating One and All: Students with

Details: Special education legal provisions stipulate that, for each student with a disability, the IEP team must make an individually referenced decision about how that student will participate in the general education curriculum and instructional program for the areas of educational need and the identified disability.

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5	Curriculum and Pedagogy: The What and the How of

Details: Education is child-centered, but the adult takes responsibility for placing the child in environmental circumstances that will provoke active construction of new understandings. The ideal form of education, in this view, involves neither instruction nor laissez-faire free play, but rather the adult’s assumption of the responsibility to

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Part Four: Implications for Teaching and Teacher Education

Details: GILBERT J. CUEVAS is a Professor of Mathematics Education in the School of Education at the University of Miami. He has directed a number of professional teacher development projects in bilingual, mathematics, and science education.

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Linking School Performance and Delinquency Education and

Details: Education and Delinquency reviews recent research findings, identifies gaps in knowledge and promising areas of future research, and discusses the need for program evaluation and the integration of empirical research findings into program design.

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Introduction Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance

Details: The Committee on Education Finance hopes that the insights and perspectives presented in the following papers will be useful to all who are concerned with the challenges of achieving fairness in school finance, establishing high standards of educational performance, and assuring equal educational opportunity for all students.

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4. Future Role of Schools of Public Health in Educating

Details: The “most distinctive role of public health education lies in the preparation of public health professionals” (Fineberg et al., 1994). While most professional public health graduates receive their degrees in either 1 of the 32 accredited schools of public health (about 5,600 graduates in 1999) or 1 of the 45 accredited master of public health (M.P.H.) degree programs (approximately 800

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5 Improving the Productivity of Schools Making Money

Details: The new institutional form in education was designed to rid education of problems stemming from the existence of large lay boards and the active involvement of politicians. The new "modern" system strove to centralize control, standardize practice, put control in the hands of professionals, and run the system by scientific principles.

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4 Forces Influencing Health Professionals' Education

Details: Its law mandates education regarding identification and reporting dependent elder abuse, with a 2-hour initial session followed by two additional hours every 5 years. The education requirement applies to doctors, dentists, mental health professionals, nurses, social workers, and allied health workers.

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Why Do We Need Science, Anyway

Details: As more schools begin to implement the National Science Education Standards, adults who care about the quality of K-12 science education in their communities may want to …

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9 The Education System and Investigation and Design

Details: 9 The Education System and Investigation and Design. Making science investigation and engineering design the center of science and engineering learning in middle and high school classrooms is a dramatic change to the status quo.

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5 Policy and the Education of Minority and Disadvantaged

Details: The conference examined education policies and trends in the education of minority and economically disadvantaged students since the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education. The Court found that racially segregated schools were inherently unequal, given the history and then-current facts related to the social and

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Read "Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance: Issues and

Details: A school finance system is a set of formulas and rules for using publicly collected revenues to pay for K-12 education. 5 In the United States, each state is responsible for K-12 education within its borders and thus the school finance system is established in state law, often supplemented by state department of education regulations. Revenues

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Preparing for the 21st Century: The Education Imperative

Details: The education that many students receive in science, mathematics, and technology is not adequate for a world that is being transformed by scientific and technological advances.

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10 Conclusions How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience

Details: Education needs to provide children with sufficient mastery of the details of particular subject matters so that they have a foundation for further exploration within those domains. Expertise can be promoted in learners. The predominant indicator of expert status is the amount of time spent learning and working in a subject area to gain mastery

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9 EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN REHABILITATION SCIENCE AND

Details: Education programs are accredited by the National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education. The American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics, Inc. (ABC), is a credentialing body established by the orthotic and prosthetic professions to identify those practitioners who have satisfied the minimum qualifications to render

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Read "Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance: Issues and

Details: Board of Education, 175 U.S. 528 (1899), the plaintiffs' objection was that the district had ceased operation of the black high school but continued to support high school education for white students. (For reasons that seem quite unconvincing 100 years later, the Court found in favor of the school district.)

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Read "Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance: Issues and

Details: Nevertheless, school finance litigation has flourished in state courts. In these cases, challengers have relied on equal protection clauses 1 and/or education clauses 2 contained in state constitutions. By now, lawsuits challenging the legality of state systems of public school finance under state constitutions have been brought in at least 43 states.

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3 Perspectives on Early Childhood Learning Standards and

Details: The underresourced complex of early childhood care and education settings in the United States is seldom able to implement the ideal sequence of steps at the local, state, or national level. The federal government, individual states, and local providers usually find themselves working at least partially backward to create workable processes 43

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REFERENCES Research and Education Reform: Roles for the

Details: Shanker, A. 1988 Statement to Subcommittee on Select Education, Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, April 20. Simon, H.A. 1974 How big is …

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4 CONTENT STANDARDS, CURRICULUM, AND INSTRUCTION

Details: The statutory meaning of the term transition services is "a coordinated set of activities for a student, designed within an outcome-oriented process, which promotes movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational training, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing education

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INDICATORS OF EQUITY RELATED TO K-12 EDUCATION Building

Details: Schools are an important source of opportunity, but they can also mirror, and even intensify, societal inequalities. As with pre-K education, differential access to educational resources and opportunities from kindergarten through grade 12 can contribute to group differences in educational outcomes

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4 The Role of Health Literacy in Health Information

Details: A larger study showed patients with more limited cognitive abilities, less education, and older age showed greater anxiety with adoption of new technologies (Czaja et al., 2006). In another study it was found that, regardless of education and prior computer experience, the majority of older adults struggled when asked to go onto a Medicare

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RESEARCH AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION Research …

Details: An examination of OTA's reports covering education reveal use of a broad range of OERI work, including NAEP, High School and Beyond, the National Longitudinal Survey, the Digest of Education Statistics, the Condition of Education, NCES bulletins, and reports from the laboratories and centers. NSF's work is also frequently cited.

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Front Matter Education and Delinquency: Summary of a

Details: Education and Delinquency reviews recent research findings, identifies gaps in knowledge and promising areas of future research, and discusses the need for program evaluation and the integration of empirical research findings into program design. Contents. Front Matter i–xii;

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5 Mentorship Behaviors and Education: How Can Effective

Details: For some mentors, engagement in real-time, interactive mentorship education can be difficult due to scheduling and other professional responsibilities, such as clinical duties. Another approach to mentor education is the use of asynchronous, self-paced, online professional development.

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Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity--Education

Details: The education sector is a key partner in promoting health equity. Working to tackle unemployment, concentrated poverty, and school dropout rates can seem overwhelming to communities, but when actors in the community— residents, businesses, state and local government, and other local institutions—work together across multiple sectors

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Read "Cultural Diversity and Early Education: Report of a

Details: Luis Laosa also emphasized the role of social class. He commented that school, itself, is a culture. Parents who have acquired high levels of education and have thus had ample exposure to the values, expectations, and activities of the school culture are generally better equipped to prepare their own children for school.

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6 Designing an Assessment System Developing Assessments

Details: Vertically, all levels of the education system—classroom, school, school district, and state—are based on a shared vision of the goals for science education, the purposes and uses of assessment, and what constitutes competent performance. Developmentally, the system takes account of how students’

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8 K-12 STEM Education and Workforce Readiness Developing

Details: 8 K-12 STEM Education and Workforce Readiness. The workshop’s fifth and final panel explored the question of how to lay the groundwork early for success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers.

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Education, Adequacy, Democracy, and the Courts Achieving

Details: The education clauses of almost all of the state constitutions require the establishment of a “system of free common schools,” and through such a system to provide students with a “thorough and efficient” education, “an adequate public education,” 79 or an “ample” education. 80 These provisions generally were incorporated into

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Read "Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying

Details: Successful K-12 STEM Education defines a framework for understanding "success" in K-12 STEM education. The book focuses its analysis on the science and mathematics parts of STEM and outlines criteria for identifying effective STEM schools and programs. Because a school's success should be defined by and measured relative to its goals, the book

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7 Issues of Equity and Adequacy Systems for State

Details: Science education poses particular challenges in meeting the goal of opportunity to learn. Of primary concern is the scarcity of highly qualified science teachers (see for example, National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century, 2000). While NCLB requires that every child have access to highly qualified teachers

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4 Frameworks and the Assessment Development Process

Details: In one study, 10 eighth-grade science teachers who were familiar with science education reform and the goals of the NAEP science framework were asked to study and discuss the framework and then classify items from the 1996 eighth-grade science assessment by content area and process area.

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Front Matter Mental Health, Substance Use, and Wellbeing

Details: The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

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1 Introduction, History, and Definition of Laboratories

Details: The NRC’s National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996) built on the AAAS reports, opening with the statement: “This nation has established as a goal that all students should achieve scientific literacy” (p. ix). The NRC proposed national science standards for high school students designed to help all students

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Continuing Education for Construction Professionals

Details: Suggested Citation:"CONTINUING EDUCATION IN THE BUREAU OF RECLAMATION."National Research Council. 1994. Continuing Education for Construction Professionals: Summary of a Symposium.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9138.

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Executive Summary Scientific Research in Education The

Details: Scientific research, whether in education, physics, anthropology, molecular biology, or economics, is a continual process of rigorous reasoning supported by a dynamic interplay among methods, theories, and findings. It builds understandings in the form of models or theories that can be tested. Advances in scientific knowledge are achieved by

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REFERENCES Educating One and All: Students with

Details: in press Key State Education Policies on K-12 Education: Content Standards, Graduation, Teacher Licensure, Time and Attendance. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, State Education Assessment Center. Council of the Great City Schools 1996. Becoming the Best Standards and Assessment Development in the Great City Schools

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3 The Test Development Process Redesigning the U.S

Details: In the discussion of the test development process that follows, we refer to the most widely accepted set of guidelines, the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, which is a joint publication of the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education (1999), referred to as “the Standards” from

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